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LHS Library Homepage: Citing Sources

Citation Help

Citing Academic Databases & Journals

NOTE:  The hanging indent is not accurately shown in these examples due to page layout/column width changes based on the device used to view this page.  Please remember to use a hanging indent and double space each line of every entry in a Works Cited list.

An article from a library's subscription database:

The name and place of the library is no longer required.

Jenson, Jill D. "It's the Information Age, so Where's the Information?" College Teaching

      52.3 (2004): 107-12. Academic Search Premier. 2 Feb. 2005.

 

Article from an online scholarly journal (without page numbers):

 If page numbers are not available, use n. pag.

Belau, Linda. “Trauma and the Material Signifier.” Postmodern Culture 11: 2 (2001): n. pag.

      20 Feb. 2006.

Citing Websites

NOTE:  The hanging indent is not accurately shown in these examples due to page layout/column width changes based on the device used to view this page.  Please remember to use a hanging indent and double space each line of every entry in a Works Cited list.

 

Citing a website where an author is listed:

Peterson, Susan. The Life of Martin Luther. Susan Peterson, 2002. 24 Jan. 2006.

 

If a URL is required, include it at the end of your citation. If the URL won't fit on one line, divide it after the slash and do not include a hyphen:


Peterson, Susan. The Life of Martin Luther. Susan Peterson, 2002. Web.

      24 Jan. 2006. <http://wwwsusanpeterson.com/index_files/luther.htm>.

 

Citing a website with a corporate author (organization or government department):

United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Drinking Water Standards. EPA, 28 Nov. 2006. 24 Jan. 2007.

 

Citing a website with an unknown author:

Margaret Sanger Papers Project. History Dept., New York U, 18 Oct. 2000. 6 Jan. 2007.

 

Citing a website with no title:

Yoon, Mina. Home page. Oak Ridge Natl. Laboratory, 28 Dec. 2006. 12 Jan. 2007.

 

A short work from (or part of) a website:

If the date of publication is not available, use n.d.

Shiva, Vandana. "Bioethics:  A Third World Issue." Native Web. Native Web, n.d. 22 Jan. 2007

 

Article from an online magazine:

Paulson, Steve. "Buddha on the Brain." Salon.com. Salon Media Group, 27 Nov. 2006.

      18 Jan. 2007.

 

Article from an online newspaper:

Rubin Joel. "Report Faults Charter School." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times,

      22 Jan. 2005. 24 Jan. 2005.

General Guidelines

works cited list includes everything cited within the text of a paper...it only includes materials which are directly cited in a paper. This guideline applies to MLA formatting.  Other formatting guides use different protocols for naming the list and for what is included on it.

For each work cited there are four main elements:

  1. Author's name (Last name, First name) (end with a period).
  2. Full title (as it appears on the title page) (end with a period).
  3. Publisher (omit articles, use standard abbreviations, followed by a comma).
  4. Year of publication (end with a period).

For online sources the URL and the date you accessed the material must also be included. Each container must be included in the entry.  Books are containers of their own.  Journals are containers of articles; databases are containers of journals.  Each container is an added layer in the Works Cited entry.

A Works Cited list follows a specific format. 

  • Use the heading "Works Cited."  Center the heading 2.5 cm (1 inch) from the top of the page.
  • List works in alphabetical order by author's last name.
  • Double space all lines.
  • Use a hanging indent for the second and subsequent lines of an entry.
  • Italicize titles of books, journals, magazines, newspapers, websites online databases, films etc.  Put titles of articles, essays, stories, chapters of books, pages in websites, etc, in quotations.
  • Capitalize words of a title except for short words such as on, in, and, to etc.